Since its start, robotic process automation (RPA) has been improving efficiency and reducing errors, allowing people to focus on doing more valuable work and developing more creative solutions.
Adding complementary technologies like artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) to RPA further accelerates digital transformation.
In addition to improving efficiency and reducing errors, improving employee satisfaction is now part of the conversation.
According to our 2022 Office Worker Survey, the vast majority (91%) of global respondents believe automation can improve their job performance. Respondents also see big benefits, including saving time (52%), increasing productivity (46%), and creating opportunities to focus on more important work (45%). Seventy-one percent agree they can focus on more creative work with the help of automation. If they aren’t already, leaders should be thinking about how RPA and automation can support their businesses.
RPA developers believe the space will continue to grow. Notably, the vast majority (91%) of RPA developers expect their organization will be hiring more developers in the next twelve months. More specifically, 56% percent say their organization will “definitely” be hiring more RPA developers, up from 42% last year. An additional 35% think it's “likely” their organization will be hiring.
RPA team sizes are increasing as well. In 2022, 43% of respondents worked for companies with more than 25 people in RPA-related roles, compared to 34% in 2021.
When an organization first introduces RPA, they typically start with a small team of one to five developers. During this time, they develop the first automation strategy for specific departments in their organization. Then, as team sizes grow, this indicates that organizations are moving to larger scale automation adoption. In other words, companies go for accelerated growth—from small, dedicated CoEs, to shifting their strategy into large deployments of automation and citizen developer enablement.
The State of the RPA Developer report finds that, compared to 2021, there are higher percentages of both new and experienced RPA developers.
Three in five developers have transitioned to RPA from other roles, most often from software development roles. The good news: 53% say it was an easy transition.
As you build out your RPA teams, you’ll see that developers come from various backgrounds. The key is to provide them with the training they need. When asked how they had educated themselves on RPA, survey respondents are taking advantage of the training offered to them and most commonly rely on video tutorials, online courses, documentation, and online forums.
Regardless of experience level, RPA developers see themselves growing in the automation space:
Three out of four RPA developers believe they'll be in RPA automation for at least the next five years. (19% are uncertain)
65% report they're “very satisfied,” a figure that’s been trending upward since we first conducted this survey in 2020. (At that time, 51% said they were "very satisfied")
RPA developers are more likely to report being “very satisfied” with all aspects of their job. The biggest year-over-year increase in 2022 was in satisfaction with bonuses and other financial compensation.
Not only are RPA developers satisfied, they’re proud of the work they’re doing. 90% think RPA will have a positive impact on society, up from 87% last year.
Both businesses and those doing the work see the potential and are optimistic about the future. When professionals are satisfied with what they do and see its value, they're more likely to continually educate themselves and work productively.
As you start or build out your automation capabilities, it’s essential to consider the RPA developers who work for you. They’re building the solutions, so their input on development tools is key. Four out of five RPA developers influence which tools they use at work.
The State of the RPA Developer also shows that UiPath is a staple—and it uncovers why.
According to survey results, developers who prefer UiPath do so because:
It’s user friendly
It’s easy to learn (especially important considering the influx of new developers)
It offers an engaging community
Analysts are finding the same. Recently, Gartner noted that UiPath is "the only vendor among the top 7 providers to grow its market share.”
UiPath has a 34.1% market share, up from 28.5% the year before. “While UiPath increased its market share by 5.6 percentage points in 2021, all of the remaining top four players witnessed a collective market share contraction from 37.1% in 2020 to 31.7% in 2021."*
RPA developers see themselves continuing to build expertise around core UiPath products including UiPath Studio and UiPath Orchestrator. And they plan on expanding their knowledge into UiPath AI Center™ and UiPath Document Understanding.
The majority (73%) of those who used another technology before UiPath thought it was easy to change development tools.
As you continue to build out your RPA capabilities, remember to involve your developers in conversations about the technologies you use. Seventy-nine percent of RPA developers have some or a great deal of influence selecting the RPA technologies they use. These developers are plugged in to the products they use and to the communities that support them.
Because we wanted to understand how the industry would be evolving, we also surveyed university students. One thing that caught our eye is that almost half of student respondents are female, compared to just 25% of current RPA developers. While we don’t know why this is, we’ll be tracking this data over time. Our hope is that RPA will become a more diverse field that's accessible to and encourages participation by women and less-represented communities.
Of those students surveyed, 72% are considering a job in RPA development after they graduate. Among those, more than half (56%) are considering jobs as RPA developers. Other roles garnering student interest include software test engineer/QA (32%), RPA project manager (31%), and business analyst (28%).
Top reasons students are interested in RPA development careers:
It’s an interesting technology
It’s easy to learn
Salaries are competitive
Students are very interested in hands-on experience. Seventy-seven percent are interested in an internship, and an additional 17% have completed or are working in an internship position. Consider how you can use internships to train and recruit the next generation of RPA developers.
While RPA developers are optimistic, they also understand RPA is an evolving space. We expect to see RPA’s importance and power grow when combined with AI, ML, and low- or no-code tools. We look forward to continuing this research in the coming years to understand these trends.
Here are some things we’re already seeing in the automation space.
Investment in RPA is growing exponentially and the industry sectors are more diverse, such as financial, sales, and education.
Democratizing RPA implies simplifying with low- or no-code tools, and the focus on citizen developers is increasing year over year.
RPA developers play a significant role in choosing and shaping the automation landscape for companies' digital transformations.
RPA, combined with ML and AI, empowers automation developers to explore new possibilities for the solutions they shape.
This blog post was co-authored by Oana Chicioroaga, RPA Community Content Manager at UiPath.
*Gartner, Market Share Analysis: robotic process automation, Worldwide, 2021, Varsha Mehta, Fabrizio Biscotti, et.al., 6 June 2022
Gartner does not endorse any vendor, product or service depicted in its research publications and doesn't advise technology users to select only those vendors with the highest ratings or other designations. Gartner research publications consist of the opinions of Gartner’s research organization and shouldn't be construed as statements of fact. Gartner disclaims all warranties, expressed or implied, with respect to this research, including any warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose.
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